- bacterial infections (e.g. typhoid)
- viral infections (common in children)
- parasitic infections (such as Giardia Lamblia)
- functional bowel diseases (classical syndrome of 'irritable bowel)
- inflammatory bowel diseases (ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease)
- food intolerance (lactose intolerance, celiac disease)
- secondary to drugs (antibiotics, chemotherapy, antacids containing magnesium, for example)
- outcomes of surgery (e.g. ileal resection)
- endocrine causes (hyperthyroidism, diabetes)
- vascular causes (mesenteric insufficiency)
- cancers (lymphomas, intestinal carcinomas)
- immune diseases (eosinophilic gastroenteritis)
- and other fewer common causes.
The warning signs that may indicate dehydration is to pay attention to the thirst, decreased urine output usually dark in color, dry skin, fainting, dizziness.
In these cases, as well as the diarrhea persists for more than two days, there is fever, abdominal pain, blood or pus mixed with stool indicates to seek medical attention even after a single acute episode.
The evaluation will include a medical and gastroenterology specialist medicinal history and physical examination, typically one or more' stool cultures; blood tests targeted according to clinical, endoscopic examinations and further tests specific to the individual case.
Outside the acute phase, where therapy should mainly to offset the 'electrolyte balance, treatment of chronic diarrhea is targeted to the mechanism by which it is determined.
Finally, diarrhea is frequently the presenting symptom of an underlying disease undiagnosed gastrointestinal not necessarily starting, so it 's time to put such an early diagnosis of hyperthyroidism.